Air-Conditioner Condenser: What You Need to Know

Air Conditioning Condensor

There are many pieces to the puzzle of equipment that is the car air conditioner, but one vital component of your vehicle's cool air system is the air-conditioning condenser. A/C condenser is a radiator positioned between the car's grille and the radiator for the motor. In the condenser, the gaseous refrigerant sheds heat and returns to a liquid state. In other words, the condenser condenses the refrigerant from a gas to a liquid.

Related: Why Does Your Air Conditioning Need Recharging?

The liquid refrigerant flows to the evaporator inside the dashboard, where it cools the cabin. Is your car not cool enough for you, at least temperature-wise? The warm air might be the result of a clogged A/C condenser coil or disabled cooling fan. A leak in the condenser also will result in a loss of refrigerant and, subsequently, less ability to shed heat and, thus, warmer air in the vehicle.

How do I know if my air-conditioning condenser has gone bad?
The air will be warmer than you want, or your vehicle windows will be foggy. If refrigerant leaks, the air conditioner won't spit out much cold air, if any. Leaks can be located by adding an ultraviolet dye to the refrigerant. Air-conditioning output also can be diminished by crud that builds up on the front of the condenser, and cleaning the condenser may restore some cooling performance.

How often should I replace my air-conditioning condenser?
As with other equipment in the air-conditioning system, the condenser generally doesn't need servicing as long as the system is producing cold air. Some mechanics recommend periodically inspecting the condenser for signs of damage or corrosion and doing an external cleaning or internal flush if needed to maintain cooling performance.

Why do I have to install a replacement air-conditioning condenser?
Because it's an integral part of your car's air conditioning, and you won't be comfortable or able to see if the unit is broken. Some condensers can be cleaned externally by hosing off the fins while others can be cleared of sludge with an internal flush, but many mechanics' recommendation likely will be to install a replacement condenser for one that is clogged or corroded.

How much should I pay?
The average cost to repair or replace air-conditioning equipment can depend on average cost for car repairs where you are as much as it does on what you need to fix or replace in the A/C unit and the make of the car. To check on the cost of an A/C repair and get more information on auto repairs, visit our Service & Repair section.

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