CARS.COM — Because of wear, vehicles are more likely to consume engine oil as they age. Burning oil is a common problem, but when it is ignored, it can do major damage to your car's engine. Common culprits that result in burning oil include worn valve stems, guides and seals, and piston rings, all of which can allow oil to seep into combustion chambers. If engine oil gets in the combustion chamber it will burn, possibly in amounts small enough not to produce telltale blue smoke in the exhaust, but enough to notice when you check the car's dipstick.
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So how much burning oil is "normal," and when does it become excessive? And what if it's a relatively new engine, such as one with fewer than 25,000 miles on it?
"Normal" Oil Burning in One Vehicle May Be Excessive in Another
While oil burning is a relatively common problem, manufacturers don't provide uniform guidance on this issue, so what might be normal for one engine could be excessive for another. For example, BMW tells owners it's normal for some of its engines to burn a quart of oil in fewer than a thousand miles. In a tip sheet to fleet-vehicle operators, GM says normal consumption "can be in the range of one quart within 2,000 miles on a properly driven and maintained vehicle." Other manufacturers say nothing in their owner's manuals about oil consumption — and if you ask what's "normal," the answer you get may depend on whom you talk to.
As a rule, most engines with fewer than 50,000 miles shouldn't use much more than a quart of oil between oil changes (unless the manufacturer says differently). If an engine requires a quart every, say, 3,000 miles or less, that could be a sign of a leak (which may not be easily visible) or of internal engine problems, such as worn valve guides, piston rings or any of a number of different types of seals. Once an engine gets beyond perhaps 75,000 miles, and certainly past 100,000, increased oil consumption should be expected.
In addition, many newer engines use thinner, lower-viscosity oil, such as 5W20 or 0W20 instead of, say, 10W30. Because these oils are thinner, it's easier for them to slip past gaskets, seals and rings that have worn even slightly over time, thus increasing oil consumption.
What to Do When You Have a Car Burning Oil
If the smoke coming from your tailpipe has a blue tint, this is a surefire sign that your car is burning oil and not just gasoline. When your car is leaking oil into the combustion chamber, you have a serious problem that needs to be addressed as quickly as possible. Even if you don't notice smoke coming from your exhaust, something still is not right if your car is consuming too much oil between oil changes. While a simple tuneup may be all that is needed to solve the problem, more in-depth repairs may also be required.
Given the lack of uniformity concerning oil consumption, the best approach is to regularly check your oil level and have a mechanic look for leaks if your engine is burning through oil. Knowing typical oil consumption over a few years or thousands of miles for a particular engine will provide a basis for determining when consumption becomes excessive and possibly alert you that a leak or internal problem has developed. Even small oil leaks need to be monitored and addressed as quickly as possible to avoid serious damage to your car's engine.
Lawsuits Due to Cars Excessively Burning Oil
Consumers have their own ideas about how much is normal and have sued several manufacturers in recent years over claims of excessive oil consumption, including Audi, BMW, Honda, Subaru and Toyota. Widespread complaints from owners have prodded some manufacturers to extend warranties or replace engine parts (and the engine itself in some cases), though individual consumers usually have to lodge a complaint with a dealer or car company to get any repairs.
Honda, for example, extended the engine warranty on its 2008-11 Accords and 2010-11 CR-Vs with four-cylinder engines to eight years/125,000 miles because owners experienced excessive oil consumption of up to one quart every thousand miles. For owners who said their vehicles used a quart every 3,000 miles, Honda said it would monitor consumption and perform additional tests.
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