The name Range Rover represents a line of vehicles made by iconic British brand Land Rover, one of the brands that make up parent company Jaguar Land Rover — which is in turn owned by Indian automaker Tata Motors. The line of vehicles includes the original Range Rover, Range Rover Sport, Range Rover Velar and Range Rover Evoque. You’ll often see the latter two shortened to Velar and Evoque.
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The current structure is confusing, but that’s been the norm for Land Rover for some time. The first Land Rover was launched in 1948 as part of the Rover brand, with the first Range Rover arriving in 1970. The Rover brand was eventually absorbed by British Leyland and became known as Rover Triumph. After BL collapsed and was nationalized, Land Rover was spun off into its own subsidiary company. British Leyland became the Rover Group in 1986, before going private again in 1988 and rebranding as Rover. BMW then took over ownership of Rover in 1994; in 2000, Land Rover was sold to Ford (which also purchased Jaguar). Ford sold both Land Rover and Jaguar to Tata Motors in 2008, which then created the Jaguar Land Rover subsidiary that still exists today.
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The Range Rover itself started as a rather utilitarian off-road vehicle before evolving into the luxurious line of SUVs being sold today. Despite the increased luxury, however, most Range Rover models are still extremely capable off-road.
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